Planning for homebuying: down cost choices, mortgage funding and help packages


Attempting to determine learn how to swing a down cost in your first dwelling? In the event you’re a first-time homebuyer alongside the Entrance Vary of Colorado, you’ve received extra down cost choices than you could notice. And with median dwelling costs rising and affordability lowering alongside the Entrance Vary, selecting one of the best down cost choice on your price range and way of life means making homeownership a cushty match. On this information, we’ll aid you perceive: 

  • What’s a down cost? 
  • Three down cost choices to think about 
  • 5 financial sources to fund a down cost 
  • Seven packages to help Colorado homebuyers 

What’s a down cost?

A down cost is a lump sum paid upfront in the course of the closing course of on a house that reduces the amount of cash borrowed. The aim of a down cost is to exhibit private involvement and duty within the buy of a house. It additionally protects the lender towards potential losses within the occasion of default. 

Your down cost impacts your loan-to-value ratio (LTV), which is the distinction between the quantity borrowed and the gross sales worth. For instance, if the gross sales worth is $100,000 and the mortgage quantity is $80,000, then LTV is 80% with a 20% down cost. 

Use this useful mortgage calculator to raised perceive the numbers concerned with securing a house mortgage. 

Three down cost choices to think about

As you consider which down cost choice is greatest for you, consider your total monetary image. Spending extra upfront isn’t one of the best concept when you have different bills to are inclined to, corresponding to fixer-upper dwelling reworking tasks or pupil mortgage debt. Think about working with a CFS* Wealth Administration Advisor at Elevations to create a roadmap for your total monetary targets. And, ask to debate these three down cost choices while you discuss to your Mortgage Mortgage Officer. 

3% (or extra) down cost

Think about this feature when you have restricted funds for a down cost. Your down cost can begin at 3% of the promoting worth of the house, and these funds will be gifted from a relative if there is no such thing as a compensation requirement. With down funds below 20%, the borrower pays personal mortgage insurance coverage (PMI) to insure the lender towards losses within the occasion of foreclosures. The quantity of PMI-coverage and premium are based mostly on loan-to-value (LTV) and your credit score rating, with a most LTV of 97%. Fee choices embody a one-time mortgage insurance coverage premium or smaller month-to-month funds escrowed into your month-to-month mortgage cost. 

How a lot would PMI value? For $100,000 in mortgage quantity: 

  • With 3% down, PMI can be roughly $690/12 months 
  • With 5% down, $400/12 months 
  • With 10% down, $290/12 months 
  • With 15% down, $190/12 months 


This feature is comprised of 80% first mortgage, 10% dwelling fairness line of credit score (HELOC) (additionally referred to as a second mortgage) and 10% down cost. Whereas some great benefits of an 80-10-10 embody a decrease down cost at closing and no PMI, HELOCs usually have adjustable charges, so your cost might enhance over time. HELOCs also can have a balloon cost (a big sum due on the finish of the mortgage interval) if you make interest-only funds. 

20% down cost

Generally known as the usual down cost, a 20% down cost offers the customer instantaneous fairness in his or her dwelling, higher shopping for energy and decrease month-to-month funds. Plus, it means you don’t have to buy PMI, saving you cash every month. 

5 financial sources to fund a down cost

As you start to consider what kind of down cost is greatest on your scenario, think about the place you’ll receive the funds. Not everybody has a lump sum ready of their financial savings account for the down cost on a house, and that’s completely high-quality! Listed below are 5 locations most owners supply their down cost from. 

1. Seasoned funds

The cash you employ for a down cost should be seasoned and in a verifiable, liquid account. To be seasoned, the cash will need to have been acquired greater than two months previous to the mortgage software. If it’s not seasoned, the acquisition of the funds must be absolutely documented for the underwriter. Liquid accounts embody checking, financial savings and cash market accounts. 

2. Present funds 

Cash given from a relative towards a down cost should be gifted, fairly than borrowed. Documentation is required with a Present Letter stating that compensation shouldn’t be anticipated. Verification of the switch of cash can also be required. 

3. Secured loans 

Loans taken towards a secured asset (like a retirement account, automotive or different actual property asset) require documentation and verification of the deposit right into a liquid account. Observe that these mortgage funds might be included in your debt-to-income ratio when acquiring your mortgage mortgage. 

4. Liquidation of belongings

The sale of funding accounts like shares, bonds and retirement accounts requires documentation, as does the sale of non-public property. 

5. Seasoned money

Money isn’t an appropriate supply of funds for a down cost as a result of it will possibly’t be documented. If in case you have money readily available, deposit the funds in a liquid account (see #1 above) and get them seasoned. The identical rule of thumb applies to treasured metals, collectibles, and many others. 

Six packages to help Colorado homebuyers

Fortunately, you don’t need to go this journey alone. There are organizations domestically and nationally that will help you navigate the homebuying course of and safe a down cost. Listed below are seven choices to think about. 

Veterans Affairs (VA)

To qualify for a VA mortgage, you should be an eligible service member, veteran or surviving partner. The sort of mortgage permits for as much as 100% LTV, and instead of mortgage insurance coverage necessities, VA ensures a portion of the mortgage. Study extra about this housing help program for veterans right here. 

Federal Housing Administration (FHA)

FHA Loans require as little as a 3.5% down cost, which will be within the type of reward funds. Non-public mortgage insurance coverage is required for the lifetime of the mortgage, and each an upfront premium and month-to-month funds are required. To grasp extra about FHA loans, flip to the U.S Division of Housing and City Growth. 

Down Fee Help Packages

Packages can be found by native, metropolis and county governments, and nonprofit organizations. These packages usually require homebuyer training lessons and could also be restricted to first-time homebuyers. For an inventory of Colorado packages by county and metropolis, go to the U.S. Division of Housing and City Growth. 

First-Time Homebuyer Financial savings Account

A primary-time homebuyer financial savings account (FHSA) offers you an opportunity to keep away from paying Colorado state taxes on cash used for the aim of shopping for your first dwelling. An FHSA will be opened on your personal use or a beneficiary could also be designated. As it is a State of Colorado program, federal taxes nonetheless apply. Seek the advice of a professional tax skilled for extra info. Click on right here to be taught extra.

Colorado Housing and Finance Authority (CHFA)

CHFA was created in 1973 to deal with the scarcity of inexpensive housing in Colorado. It affords a wide range of packages to decrease required down funds and month-to-month mortgage insurance coverage premiums. Earnings and buy worth limits are based mostly on county. For the newest info, you possibly can go to CHFA on-line right here. 

Home to House Possession Program (H2O)

This program offers down cost and shutting value help to debtors buying property within the Metropolis of Boulder, with a most mixed LTV of 105%. Necessities embody being a first-time homebuyer, assembly an earnings threshold and dealing in Boulder metropolis limits. Get particulars on the Metropolis of Boulder’s Homeownership Packages web site.  

Make a sensible, knowledgeable choice when you’re able to make a proposal on a house in Colorado. You can be requested to share your down cost quantity and sourcing together with your lender and on the acquisition contract. The Elevations Mortgage Crew is able to assist you get began. Contact us in the present day at (800) 429-7626 to arrange a free digital, cellphone or in-person appointment to debate your questions on dwelling financing and lending.** 

*Non-deposit funding services and products are supplied by CUSO Monetary Companies, L.P. (“CFS”), a registered broker-dealer (Member FINRA/SIPC) and SEC Registered Funding Advisor. Merchandise supplied by CFS: aren’t NCUA/NCUSIF or in any other case federally insured, aren’t assured or obligations of the credit score union, and will contain funding danger together with potential lack of principal. Funding Representatives are registered by CFS. Elevations Credit score Union has contracted with CFS to make non-deposit funding services and products accessible to credit score union members.  

**Elevations Credit score Union is an Equal Housing Alternative lender.